Photo of a teacher talking with a group of students


Guide for schools

Seizures, seizure-related factors and anti-seizure medications can affect a young person with epilepsy’s communication. Here, you’ll find some useful learning strategies for addressing the difficulties they can experience.   


The difficulties young people with epilepsy may experience include: 

  • Listening to, and understanding, what’s being said to them 
  • Finding the right words to express themselves and make themselves understood 

Strategies that you may find useful include: 

  • Speak clearly and slowly 
  • Be specific 
  • Be aware of non-verbal communication 
  • Allow more time and check that the young person has understood 
  • Offer models of correct responses instead of correcting incorrect responses 
  • Repeat things and rephrase them 
  • Avoid closed questions 
  • Group work and role play 
  • Teach keywords 
  • Use visual prompts to reinforce speech and keywords, e.g. tangible objects, photos, pictures and symbols 
  • Picture exchange communication systems (PECS), Makaton and Signalong 

Find out more about PECS,  Makaton and Signalong  

Also in this section of the guide


Young people with epilepsy can have problems with memory.

Motor skills

Young people with epilepsy may experience problems with motor skills.

Exams & coursework

Information about extra help with exams and coursework for pupils with epilepsy.


Information for schools about transitions for pupils with epilepsy.


Information about how sleep is affected in pupils with epilepsy.


Information about how school attendance is affected in pupils with epilepsy.

Young Epilepsy Guide for Schools

Young Epilepsy Guide for Schools

Epilepsy impact on emotions & behaviour

Epilepsy can have a profound effect on a young person's emotions and behaviour, which can produce a range of emotional responses that make academic achievement at school difficult.

Young Epilepsy Guide for Schools

UK legal frameworks

An overview of the different laws and systems in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales

Young Epilepsy Guide for Schools

Key elements of support

The key elements of support that schools should have in place to ensure all young people with epilepsy are safe and included in school life

Young Epilepsy Guide for Schools

About seizures

Information about seizure types, triggers, first aid, treatments, records, and emergency medication for schools